# Estimation and Costing MCQ Questions with Answers | Civil Engineering MCQs – Part 6

77. The rate of payment is made for 100 cu m (per % cu m) in case of

1. Earthwork in excavation
2. Rock Cutting
3. Excavation in trenches for foundation
4. All the above

78. The rate of an item of work depends on

1. Specifications of works
2. Specifications of materials
3. Proportion of mortar
4. All the above

79. The main factor to be considered while preparing a detailed estimate is

1. Quantity of the materials
2. Availability of materials
3. Transportation of materials
4. All the above

80. Pick up the correct statement from the following:

1. The estimated value of the work excluding the amount for contingencies, work charged establishment, tool, and plants, is called work value
2. The actual expenditure involved in completing a work including the incidental, establishment, and traveling charges, is called the actual cost
3. The formal acceptance by the administrative department for incurring an expenditure on the work is called administrative approval
4. All the above

81. Brick walls are measured in sq.m m if the thickness of the wall is

1. 10 cm
2. 15 cm
3. 20 cm
4. None of these

82. The plinth area of a building does not include

1. Area of the walls at the floor level
2. Internal shaft for sanitary installations up to 2 sq m. in area
3. Lift and wall including landing
4. Area of cantilevered porch

83. If the formation level of a highway has a uniform gradient for a particular length, and the ground is also having a longitudinal slope, the earthwork may be calculated by

1. Mid-section formula
2. Trapezoidal formula
3. Prismoidal formula
4. All the above

84. While estimating a reinforced cement structure, the omitted cover of concrete is assumed

1. At the end of the reinforcing bar, not less than 25 mm or twice the diameter of the bar
2. In thin slabs, 12 mm minimum or diameter of the bar whichever is more
3. For reinforcing longitudinal bar in a beam 25 mm minimum or diameter of the largest bar which is more
4. All the above

85. A cement concrete road is 1000 m long, 8 m wide and 15 cm thick over the sub-base of 10 cm thick gravel. The box cutting in road crust is

1. 500 m3
2. 1000 m 3
3. 1500 m3
4. 2000 m3

86. While estimating the qualities for the construction of a building, the correct metric unit is

1. Metre for length
2. Cubic meter for area
3. Square meters for volume
4. Litre for capacity

87. Pick up the correct statement from the following:

1. In order to check up the average depth of excavation, ‘Dead man’s’ are left at the mid-widths of borrow pits
2. The earthwork calculation in excavation is made from the difference in levels obtained with a level
3. The earthwork in excavation to form the road embankment includes the formation of the correct profile and depositing the soil in layers
4. All the above

88. The brickwork is not measured in cu m in the case of

1. One or more than one brick wall
2. Brickwork in arches
3. Reinforced brick work
4. Half brick wall

89. Pick up the incorrect statement from the following:

1. Lead is the average horizontal straight distance between the borrow pit and the place of spreading soil
2. The lead is calculated for each block of the excavated area
3. The unit of lead is 50 m for a distance up to 500 m
4. The unit of lead is 1 km where the lead exceeds 2 km

90. The assumption on which the trapezoidal formula for volumes is based, is

1. The end sections are parallel planes
2. The mid-area of a pyramid is half the average area of the ends
3. The volume of the Prismoidal is over-estimated and hence a Prismoidal correction is applied
4. All the above

91. In the mid-section formula

1. The mean depth is the average of depths of two consecutive sections
2. The area of mid-sections is calculated by using mean depth
3. The volume of the earthwork is calculated by multiplying the mid-section area by the distance between the two original sections
4. All of the above

92. Pick up the correct statement from the following:

1. The earthwork of cutting in trenches or borrow pits in fairly uniform ground is measured with the help of average depths of the dead men
2. The earthwork in trenches or borrow pits in the irregular ground is measured by taking the difference in levels before and after the completion of work
3. The earthwork in trenches or borrow pits, where neither a nor b is feasible, is measured from the fillings after the deduction of voids
4. All the above

93. The cross-sections for a highway is taken at

1. Right angle to the center line
2. 30 metres apart
3. Intermediate points having abrupt changes in gradient
4. All the above

94. Referring to the given figure, pick up the correct statement from the following:

1. The total length of the center line of the four walls is 20 m
2. Length of the long wall out-to-out is 6.80 m
3. Length of short walls in-to-in is 3.20 m
4. All the above