Here are some advantages of sprinkler irrigation system
Advantages of sprinkler irrigation
- Sprinkler irrigation provides high efficiency as the water distribution is uniform.
- One of the main advantages of Sprinkler irrigation system is, it can be adopted for all types of soil.
- In a sprinkler irrigation system, the water distribution can be controlled, so it helps in saving water and supplying water in the required quantity for plants.
- There is no loss of cultivable area due to the construction of sprinkler irrigation channels.
- Expansive land leveling or terracing is not required;
- Possibility of adding fertilizers or pesticides to irrigation water in an economic way;
- Possibility of irrigating for other purposes: sprouting, frost protection, or cooling during hot periods;
- Lower labor requirements as compared to traditional surface irrigation approach.
Disadvantages of sprinkler irrigation
- The initial investment is high as the cost of equipment (sprinklers and pipes) are expensive and high operating costs due to energy requirements for pumping and labor costs.
- Chances of evaporation loss are high under high wind conditions and high temperatures.
- Unavoidable wetting of foliage in field crops results in increased sensitivity to diseases;
- When a sprinkler irrigation system is used to supply Highly saline water (>7 millimhos/cm) causes leaf burning, when the temperature is higher than 35 degrees (Celsius).
- Debris and sediments in irrigation water can cause clogging of sprinkler nozzles.
- The main disadvantage of sprinkler irrigation system is it requires a continuous power supply to operate.
Also read – Methods to Control Evaporation From Lakes