Advantages and Disadvantages of Sprinkler irrigation

Sprinkler irrigation system
Sprinkler irrigation system

Here are some advantages of sprinkler irrigation system

Advantages of sprinkler irrigation

  • Sprinkler irrigation provides high efficiency as the water distribution is uniform.
  • One of the main advantages of Sprinkler irrigation system is, it can be adopted for all types of soil.
  • In a sprinkler irrigation system, the water distribution can be controlled, so it helps in saving water and supplying water in the required quantity for plants.
  • There is no loss of cultivable area due to the construction of sprinkler irrigation channels.
  • Expansive land leveling or terracing is not required;
  • Possibility of adding fertilizers or pesticides to irrigation water in an economic way;
  • Possibility of irrigating for other purposes: sprouting, frost protection, or cooling during hot periods;
  • Lower labor requirements as compared to traditional surface irrigation approach.

Related – Types of Irrigation Systems | Methods Applied in Agriculture

Disadvantages of sprinkler irrigation

  • The initial investment is high as the cost of equipment (sprinklers and pipes) are expensive and high operating costs due to energy requirements for pumping and labor costs.
  • Chances of evaporation loss are high under high wind conditions and high temperatures.
  • Unavoidable wetting of foliage in field crops results in increased sensitivity to diseases;
  • When a sprinkler irrigation system is used to supply Highly saline water (>7 millimhos/cm) causes leaf burning, when the temperature is higher than 35 degrees (Celsius).
  • Debris and sediments in irrigation water can cause clogging of sprinkler nozzles.
  • The main disadvantage of sprinkler irrigation system is it requires a continuous power supply to operate.

Also read – Methods to Control Evaporation From Lakes

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